Photos by Sandra & George Pritchard
Morrab Library Reading Room
The Morrab Garden in Penzance, Cornwall has always been a favourite spot of mine. I spend a lot of time researching in the reading room of the Library which is within the garden and nothing is nicer on a warm spring day than to slip into the garden for a break.
Morrab is derived from the Cornish words mor = sea & app = shore or coastal land. Until the late 1830s the land after the chapel of St Mary's was indeed sand dunes. However, Samuel Pidwell, a local brewer, decided that the sloping site was the ideal place for his new home and in 1841 he built the house, surrounded by a walled garden. The Pidwell family did not live here for long. The family moved to Portugal where an identical house was built, using the same plans as for the one in Penzance.
Morrab House was bought by Charles Campbell Ross, the local Member of Parliament and banker and he moved in with his family. By the late 1880's Penzance was expanding and the Ross family decided to move further out of town. The house and land were purchased by the Penzance Corporation for use as a public park. The independent society running the Penzance Library elsewhere in the town then moved into the house, renting it from the corporation. The building still houses the library and the re-formed local authority of Penwith is still their landlord. It is often confused with the Penzance Free Public Library built a little later at the top of Morrab Road.
With the purchase of additional land the gardens were turned into a municipal park in 1889. The corporation commissioned Reginald Upcher, a landscape gardener from London, to lay out the new 3 . 5 acre site. The picture below gives an idea of the layout of part of these early gardens.
The 1891 Census records the gardener as being a Thomas Dorothy who lived in Morrab Cottage with his wife and three children. He came originally from Devon.
In 1904 a secluded garden was created in memory of the men of Penzance who gave their lives in the South African Boer War of 1899 - 1902. At this time only officers were commemorated on memorials so the record is incomplete. For a detailed picture of the memorial click here
The postcard below is by Valentine & Sons and shows the memorial and surrounding garden as painted by Brian Gerald around 1910.
Unfortunately, the memorial has been vandalised for the second time in two years and now stands without its statue. Hopefully it will once again be restored to its original state.
On August the 5th 1905 the bandstand, which had been donated by local coal merchant J. H. Bennett, was opened with a grand concert by the Penzance Military Band and band concerts continue in the gardens today, although not so frequently as in former years.
Photo a. below shows the recently renovated fountain . Personally I preferred it painted silver- white as in b. when you could see the detail of a seal on a ball balancing a fish spouting water.
The lowest basin is supported by four carp spouting water.
The Morrab Gardens are home to a range of tender trees and shrubs which have their origins in the warmer climes of the Mediterranean or sub-tropic zones. The plants flourish here and are rarely nipped by frost or damaged by cold winters due to the proximity of the sea and the southerly aspect. However, as the photo below taken in the winter of 1947 shows it sometimes fails to live up to its reputation.
I hope you enjoy looking at the photos and if you are able to visit the gardens why not call in to the Library where you will be made welcome.
For more details on the Library visit the web site by clicking HERE
Flowering Currant Japanese Quince
'Ribes Sanguineum' ' Chaenomeles Japonica'
Morrab Garden ( a Poem by Patrick French )
Photos Copyright 2003 George Pritchard
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George P Design
2.Close Up camellia and Berberis darwinii
3.Camelia williamsii X ?
5. Acacia dealbata -Mimosa or Silver Wattle
6Azalea ? a Japanese Hybrid
7. Azalea in foreground : Spike of an Echium italicum surrounded by Montbretia : In background a Eucalyptus tree.
8. St Mary's Terrace with the best view over the gardens.
9. Camellia williamsii X hybrid?
10. Camellia and Ribes sanguineum, in partnership.
11 Lovely evergreen leaves with .............
12. Flowers/fruit : Pseudo panax from New Zealand
13. Pittosporum tenuifolium purpureum from New Zealand: green leaves turn bronze-purple with age; flowers tiny chocolate purple and honey scented.
14. Rhododendron arboreum introduced from Himalayas in 1810. Parent of many present-day hybrids
15. Mixed planting of Flax from New Zealand , Camellia from China, Euphorbia from the Americas and the southern European three-cornered leek, Allium triquetrum. This last named grows all over west Cornwall and is often mistaken for garlic. It has a three sided flower stem and the narrow strap leaves have a keel underneath. It is reputed to have been transported unintentionally from the Mediterranean in ships ballast. The flowers resemble white bluebells but their scent, although appealing to some, gave it the sobriquet in my childhood of "stinkin' lilies"
16. The end wall of the gardeners' houses with the Echiums enjoying the southerly aspect.
17. Echium nervosum
18 Echium candicans
Both 17 & 18 known as "Pride of Madeira"
20. Plant of the Bromeliad family ?
21. Grevillea rosmarinifolia in a raised border.
22. Grevillea rosmarinifolia : close-up of the red flowers. From S.E. Australia before 1822.
23 Blue rosemary. yellow marguerite and pink cherry.
24. Shady dell with tree ferns [Antarctica dicksonia] cyclamen and Solomon's Seal.
25. Tree Ferns and Regal Fern [ Osmunda regalis] just unfurling its fronds in the foreground.
26.Through the blossoms & branches of M. stellata
27. Close up of flowers of Magnolia stellata.
28. Petals fall like bridal confetti from a white cherry.
29. The copper leaves set off the pink cherry flowers.
30. Spring bedding of Polyanthus Wallflower and Tulip.
31. Same flowers in different colour combination.
32 & 33 Two views of the pond in the Memorial Garden.
34. Looking back towards the house from the ponds.
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